Respondents of change are affected by both external factors outside the organization and internal factors inside the organization ; study reveals that internal factors are actually the management style and leadership that influence the process of change Chirimbu, Smith, considered the inherent conundrum of organizational change: that people, the human resources of organizations, are both an essential factor in organizational change and, at times, the biggest obstacles to achieving change.
Problem Statement Most of the organizations are forced to construct changes in order to survive for a longer period of time. They are required to respond rapidly to the local, national and global uprising of new technology and competition, if they want to survive. Everyone knows that change is not going to take place at once. In fact, few organizations meet their stated objectives Anderson, Change management has highly focused on people, identity and the patterns of human interaction.
Additional Recommended Reading | Austin Community College District
Lack of leadership concentration on the complexity of change, poorly developed strategy and structures, last but not least attention towards people behavior towards change make the process of change management ineffective. Aims of the Study The aim of the study is to provide a clear understanding of how leadership facilitates the process of change in an organization and also the change management process. Research Questions How leadership facilitates the process of change and change management in an organization?
Delimitations of the Study Many organizations are applying change management practices to achieve organizational success for long time survival. Being a leader of change, one has to focus more on human aspects of change as individuals are the main actors in sphere of intellectual capital.
Organizational change is a multifaceted and long term task. A change management is actually a vital plan in designing how the organization is to move from its current state to a desired future state. Organizational change is a planned activity as it serves as a linkage between the different parts of a change process, setup priorities and timelines, assigning responsibilities, establishing mechanisms for review and revision where necessary.
Shop by category
For an effective change management process, it is required to be properly planned. Effective planning for change must begin well before changes are to take effect and consultation should be done Smith, For successful completition of any change management plan, it needs to be properly planned and fully budgeted. Along with these important constraints, leadership is also a spirit for the manager to capture employee back into work and to produce maximum benefits from change.
This concludes that leaders are more affective than managers during the process of change Bejestani, Change as a process Change as a process was being firstly conceptualized by Lewin in He segmented the change as a process with three phases: 1 unfreezing—it is about readiness to change means it involves getting a point of an understanding that change is necessary and to be prepare for leaving the current state of comfort for the sake of future benefits; 2 moving—At this stage, people have to move forward to adopt a new changed setup. Lewin also suggested that although common sense might bend toward increasing powerful forces to persuade change, in many illustrations this might arouse an equal and opposite increase in resisting forces, the net effect being no change and greater tension than before.
An awareness of the need for change is the beginning of the whole change process.
A complete assessment of the current situation is necessary to begin the process of implementing any kind of change in an organization unfortunately this kind of assessment may take longer time than management have Armstrong, Galpin has proposed the strategic steps leaders necessitated to make use of the efficient change process. Leaders as Change Agent Leader means someone who has the authority or power to control a group of people and get it organized for a particular task or goal. Leader has a clear vision for the welfare of his organization and development of his organization.
Leadership is that quality of leader by which he leads the team or his group Bass, Leadership has six basic personality traits named as; self confidence, ambition, drive and tenacity, realism, psychological openness, appetite for learning, creativity, fairness, dedication. To involve other members of team in decision making is also the part of leadership Senge illustrates three foundation characteristics for a person to be in a leadership role in the modern day organizations and they are of an architect, a teacher, and a steward.
These three qualities assist in clarifying mission, vision and values; identifying strategies, structure and policies; generating efficient learning processes; and facilitating subordinates to develop their mental model continuously and think systematically. Steve Jobs believes that persistence is the key towards the successfulness of any leader.
Whereas his second belief indicates that his leadership style is also comprised of people oriented leadership. Innovation brings leadership means that the leader engages his team to be an important part of decision making. For an effective change, the study reveals that charismatic leadership and trust in top management both are important. According to Noer , the leader, as a person, is the most important tool for change. The leader's spirit, insight, wisdom, compassion, values, and learning skills are all important facets in the capabilities to lead others to embrace change and redesign.
Study further reveals that leaders must have to understand the reasons for the failure of change in any organization. They have to develop capabilities to be a successful change agent Manikandan, Change management will be the core competency of the business leaders in twenty-first century. Even after implementation of change, the duty of leader does not end. Change is the one constant, one can easily anticipate. That way, they can meet any challenges head-on and not be derailed by whatever changes come their way Gans, Nickols , states that there are four basic definitions for change management.
Managing change can be illustrated firstly as making of changes in a planned and managed way, secondly to manage the response to changes on which organization have some control. It also includes managing impact of change on people. There are different styles of leadership explained by theorists, and every style has its own impact on change management. Lowder have discussed Leadership Model for Change Management, he concludes that Transformational leadership focuses on organizational development where as servant leadership have concern about the development of followers.
Therefore being visionary change agents, leaders will be required to more skillful and motivational. They have to help the person to develop skills that facilitates them to cope up with the changes. Lack of any of these skills may have bad impact on the effectiveness of change management process in an organization. Managing change in an effective manner requires change leaders that can lead a team which have courage to drive change properly in an existing system.
As change is a transformation process, therefore the agents of change leaders and management must have to drive a supportive response for change from the stakeholders Kotter, Leadership is an important essence for change management process as by definition, change requires new system creation and then institutionalizing the new innovative approaches.
To meet up with the challenges of twentieth century, organizations are required to be converted into learning organizations at first stage, in order to become world class organization.
For transformation of a traditional organization into a learning organization, the fundamental required essence is leadership. That can clarify the vision and mission of the organization, assist the employees to complete their targets and help them to get settled in new innovative and learning environment Singh, Leading change. USA: Capstone Publishing. Anderson, A. Engaging resistance: How ordinary people successfully champion change. Armstrong, M. A handbook of human resource management practice. London: Kogan Page Bass, B.
Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Pr. Bejestani, H, S.
Bossidy, L. Execution: The discipline of getting things done.
Engaging resistance: How ordinary people successfully champion change
New York: Crown Chirimbu, S. By Aaron D. Conflict should not surprise those of us who work in Christian education, but it often does. Except for the fortunate few who have been mentored for leadership in an educational institution, many who arrive at the president's chair are at a loss as to how to navigate the conflict arising from carrying out their vision for positive change. Until the arrival of this book, there has been a paucity of empirically based theories for institutional change that provide demonstrable strategies for dealing with the inevitable conflict.
Aaron Anderson publishes here the very readable results of two qualitative studies that analyze and illustrate the role of conflict in institutional transformation as well as posit leadership theory for successfully navigating the process.
Read Engaging Resistance: How Ordinary People Successfully Champion Change (Stanford Business
Although written for a secular audience, Engaging Resistance provides practical counsel for visionary leadership that, for the most part, is highly compatible with evangelical Christian ethics. Eminently qualified for this project, Aaron Anderson has a Ph. Initial impetus for the research that produced this book came from a consortium funded by the W.
Kellogg Foundation. In the preface, Anderson carefully explains his criteria and procedure for investigating the conflict arising from efforts of institutional change, defining transformation as "akin to radical change, a step below full-blown metamorphosis, where the underlying assumptions about the functions of an organization--how it should operate and conduct business, its core values, strategies, structures, and capabilities--are modified to produce an organization that is fundamentally different from its predecessor" xv.
Noting that the profit motive significantly skews motivations in the corporate world, the author opted for analyzing institutions of higher learning in order to gain a clearer perspective for viewing the change process and formulating theory. He chose two educational institutions for in-depth study that had recently navigated the process successfully: Olivet College and Portland State University.
Collecting data from multiple sources, both written and oral, through semi-structured interviews, the author used a modified grounded theory approach J. Three stages of analysis ensued.